Open Heart Surgery
Open heart surgery is done by opening(cutting) the chest and the surgery is done on the heart, heart muscle, heart valves, arteries or other part of the heart. Generally a heart-lung machine is used in case of open heart surgery. During the time of surgery the machine helps sending oxygen-rich blood to the brain and other organs. To open the heart the surgeon will make 5-8 inch surgical cut on the chest wall then the breast bone is opened with the help of a surgical saw to expose the heart. Open heart surgery includes Aortic Valve surgery, cardiac transplant, atrial septal defect repair, heart transplant, coarctation of the aorta repair.