About the Journal
Cardiology is the branch of medical science which deals with disorders of the heart. Cardiology as a subject contains topics like fetal heart calcifications , chronic arterial insufficiency, apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, cardiovascular disease, complications after heart surgery, early repolarization symptoms, coronary arteries, inflammatory cardiomyopathy, myocardial infractions (e.g. heart attacks), ventricular septal defect (VSD), various heart and blood vessel disorders, association of abiotrophia species with heart problems, issues of stroke and cardiac arrest,technique and procedures used in stent implementation, anticoagulant drugs (Blood thinners), open heart surgery, Bypass surgery, Heart transplants, sudden cardiac arrest. Due to modern lifestyle people are more prone to the heart diseases.
We accept the articles in the nature of research & review, case reports, short notes as well as comments on relevant topics .We accept the articles if they meet the scientific standards and have undergone peer review without compromising the quality of journal.
Heart disease is generally used interchangeably with cardiovascular disease. We can describe heart disease as a name of condition that affects our heart. Disease which can be put under the heart disease includes blood vessels diseases such as heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias), coronary artery diseases and also includes all the inborn congenital heart defects.
Generally cardiovascular disease includes a condition that involves narrowed or blocked blood vessels which increases the risk of a heart attack (e.g. angina or stroke). It also includes heart conditions which affect your heart muscle, valves or rhythm. People who follow unhealthy life style like smoking, lack of exercise, poor diet and who suffers from obesity, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure are more prom to heart disease.
Cardiac-catheterization is a typical procedure which is used to check how well the heart is working as well as to check the heart related disease. A hollow and thin plastic tube known as Cather is placed into a blood vessels that leads to the heart. This process can measure the blood flow and the pressure.
Sudden cardiac arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the heart stops functioning unexpectedly as well as the person suddenly feel difficult to breath and becomes unconscious. It is different from heart attack. Sudden cardiac arrest results from an electric disturbance in your heart which disturbs its pumping action and stops blood flow to the rest of your body. It can happen to people of all the ages.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. If proper treatment is not taken immediately it may cause sudden cardiac death. Compression to the chest can improve the chances of survival till the doctor or medical person arrives.
Heart bypass surgery
Heart bypass surgery is otherwise known as coronary artery bypass surgery. When the coronary artery becomes blocked or damaged and unable to supply the oxygenated blood to the heart the surgeon replaces the damaged arteries in the heart. The surgeon uses blood vessels from another area of the body part to repair the damaged arteries.
It is a medical device used for diagnosing and treating various activities related to heart. When somebody’s heart doesn’t beat normally doctors use Electrophysiology studies (EPS) to find out the reason. Usually Electric signals travel through heart in a regular pattern. Heart attack, high blood pressure and aging may cause scarring of the heart. Due to these the heart beat in an irregular pattern. Extra abnormal electric pathways found in certain congenital heart defects sometimes can lead to arrterthmias.
Myocardial infarction is otherwise known as heart attack. Myocardial infarction is caused by a blood clot by which the blood stops flowing towards a part of your heart muscle. People feel discomfort in shoulder, arm, neck, back and jaw. This is a case of medical emergency and this can be solved by a clot-busting medicine or by any medical procedure which restores the blood flow through the blocked blood vessels.
It is a branch of cardiology surgery and vascular care done through open surgery or percutaneous procedures. It is altogether different from traditional surgery. In this type of surgery the surgeon uses the X-ray visualization.
Open heart surgery
Open heart surgery is done by opening(cutting) the chest and the surgery is done on the heart, heart muscle, heart valves, arteries or other part of the heart. Generally a heart-lung machine is used in case of open heart surgery. During the time of surgery the machine helps sending oxygen-rich blood to the brain and other organs. To open the heart the surgeon will make 5-8 inch surgical cut on the chest wall then the breast bone is opened with the help of a surgical saw to expose the heart. Open heart surgery includes Aortic Valve surgery, cardiac transplant, atrial septal defect repair, heart transplant, coarctation of the aorta repair.
When the oxygen-rich blood is unable to flow to a section of heart muscle and the heart can’t get oxygen then the heart face an attack. This is known as heart-attack. If the flow of blood is not restored quickly, that particular section of heart muscle begins to die. Heart attack happened because coronary arteries which supply blood flow to the heart muscle, slowly becomes narrow because of fat, cholesterol and other substances called plague. This blood clot may block the flow of blood through heart muscle.
Heart failure is a condition when the heart will not be able to pump enough blood to the body’s requirement. There may be another situation when the heart not being able to pump blood to rest of the body with enough force, in both the cases heart failure occurs. Heart failure can develop over time as the heart’s pumping action grows weaker, because of coronary artery disease or high blood pressure. Change life style such as exercising, reducing salt on our diet, managing stress and losing weight can give a positive impact to the body.
Echocardiography is a painless test which uses sound waves sent through a device called transducer to create moving pictures (two-dimensional, three dimensional and Doppler ultrasound) of your heart.
The picture shows the size and shapes of your heart. Test is used for diagnosis of heart disease.
Cardiac bio markers
Cardiac bio markers are proteins, enzymes and hormones that are associated with heart function damage or failure. Cardiac biomarkers are related to the damaged heart muscle to diagnose symptoms such as chest pain, pressure, shortness breath and nausea. The role of Cardiac biomarker is to be able to detect the pressure and severity of acute heart condition as soon as possible so that appropriate action can be taken.
Cardiac surgery is dedicated to treating heart condition. Cardiac surgeon performs heart transplant, coronary artery bypass grafting, valve replacement and repairs of congenital heart conditions. It is the most common type of heart surgery that can improve the blood flow to the heart. Coronary artery bypass grafting is used to treat people who face severe coronary heart disease.
As the name suggest in heart transplant the surgeon replaces the weak or damaged heart with a healthy one. Heart may get weak because of severe coronary artery disease and heart failure. Heart failure is a critical condition in which heart will not be able to pump-off enough blood to the rest of the body.