Cardiothoracic Anesthesia is a part of anesthesiology which specifically deals with the heart, chest/lung related pain diseases. Cardiothoracic Anesthesia deals with the postoperative, preoperative and intraoperative care of adult patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery. Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology deals with the anesthesia aspects of care related to the surgical cases such as open heart surgery, lung surgery, operations on human chest.